May 16, 2017

What Do You Think of When I Say
The Word 'Milkweed'?
(And a Giveaway)

monarch male

When you think of Milkweed, what do you envision?

The plant growing in concrete cracks at the abandoned lot down the street? The “weed” your dad made you pull all summer long between rows of corn at the farm? Something that will spread all over your garden?

By now, most North Americans (and particularly gardeners) are probably aware that Monarchs are in peril for a host of reasons. And Monarchs need Milkweed (Asclepias spp.), which is their “host” plant ... but what does that actually mean?


It means Monarch larvae—the caterpillar stage—can only eat Milkweed.

But when someone says, “Monarchs only eat one plant,” that’s a little misleading. First, adult Monarch butterflies can nectar on a wide range of flowering plants. And second, while their baby caterpillars can only eat plants in the Milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae), that’s quite a selection!


Did you know there are more than 140 species of Milkweeds native to the Americas? Every state in the U.S. has a wide selection of native Milkweed plants. All of them are garden-worthy in the right setting, in the right garden, and in the right climate and ecosystem. In cold climates, many of us even grow some warm-climate species as annuals.

Milkweed does not have to be a messy plant. As with any plant or group of plants, you, the gardener, can choose where you want to place it. Some Milkweeds even grow beautifully in pots. And the various species come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. Some species wander more than others. If you don't want it to spread by seed, you can harvest the pods to give away or grow more plants in a different location.

Here are just a few Milkweed species native to my state and much of the Midwest:

Butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa)

Common Milkweed (A. syriaca)

Whorled Milkweed (A. verticillata)

Swamp Milkweed (A. incarnata)

In addition, while there are valid reasons to avoid growing tropical species where they aren't native, they often work well as annuals in cold climates like mine. Many grow fast from seed, and they die with the first killing frost. Here are two examples:

Tropical Milkweed (A. curassavica)

Swan Milkweed (Gomphocarpus physocarpus, formerly Asclepias physocarpa)

So, the next time you hesitate to add Milkweed to your garden, think about the Monarchs. Remember, Milkweed isn’t just “one plant,” rather, it’s a family of plants. Add a few to your garden to help the Monarch population recover.

An added note: Make sure any Milkweed you plant is pesticide-free. Plants treated with pesticides will be harmful to the caterpillars, butterflies, and other pollinators. If you see a tag with wording similar to, “This plant is protected from _____ and other unwanted pests by Neonicotinoids,” don't buy it. Purchase from an organic grower, or ask your plant supplier if their Milkweed has been treated.

Some of you know that I recently traveled to the Monarchs’ overwintering sites in Mexico with my friend, Kylee Baumle, who is a garden author and self-taught expert on the Monarch (Danaus plexippus). To celebrate the release of her book and the new gardening season, I’m giving away one copy of Kylee’s book“The Monarch: Saving Our Most-Loved Butterfly. (Kylee includes great information on various Milkweed species.) All you have to do is leave a comment here, on the PlantPostings Facebook page, or send me an email at plantpostings[at]gmail[dot]com. I will draw a random name and announce it with my next post. Good luck!


Note: I’m taking a short break to get some plants in the ground, move some around, and tend others that need a little TLC going into the gardening season ahead. See you on the other side of the break!

May 10, 2017

New Perspectives for Wednesday Vignettes

shagbark vignette
Carya ovata framed by Syringa vulgaris

Do you ever see a scene in a totally different way? The other day as I was washing dishes, I looked out the window and noticed the Lilac shrub in the distance framing the unfurling Shagbark Hickory foliage. The soft peachy bud scales were glowing in the low light and the magenta Lilac flowers created a complementary halo for the new Hickory leaves.

Springtime is full of magical scenes and new perspectives. Wednesday Vignettes are hosted by Anna at Flutter & Hum.

May 04, 2017

A Truly Floriferous Spring

bumble 1

The Crabapples (Malus spp.) have been glorious around town lately. I thought several days of wind, rain, and near-freezing nighttime temps would damage the show, but I was wrong.

crabapples 1

The cooler temperatures are holding the blooms and we're having a truly floriferous spring--with one flowering plant upon another building to a crescendo of marvelous scents and sights.

crabapples 4

I hadn't even planned to do a post about the Crabapples, but the other day I couldn't resist snapping a few photos.

crabapples 5

A neighborhood squirrel flicked me a bouquet.

crabapples 3

crabapples 2

bumble 3

bumble 2

The bees have been happy, too.

I made a short video with music from a Creative Commons acoustic artist I recently discovered: Jason Shaw. I think I'll buy some his tunes for my regular playlist. Enjoy!

April 26, 2017

It's Party Time in the Woodland!

spring beauty 1

It's fun to have a natural woodland at the back of our property. The plants shift and change over time, and I seem to find something new every year. We made the decision early on with this property to cultivate the garden areas nearer the house and let the woods go wild, for the most part. (We do remove invasive, non-native plants and I've added a few natives to take their place.)

For this Wildflower Wednesday, I'm sharing ephemerals and wildflowers making an appearance during the past week or so:

spring beauty 2

Spring Beauties (Claytonia virginica) with their shiny petals and pink pollen.

bloodroot 1

bloodroot 2

bloodroot 3

bloodroot 4

Bloodroots (Sanguinaria canadensis), which emerge, unfurl, take my breath away, and go to seed within days.

mayapple 1

mayapple 2

mayapple 3

mayapple 4

Mayapples (Podophyllum peltatum) that start as tiny, folded umbrellas and unfold to colonize along the forest floor.

ginger 1

ginger 2

ginger 3

Wild Gingers (Asarum canadense), a favorite ground cover in my garden--I'm trying to encourage them to spread. The shy little flowers are fascinating and the foliage is sweet.

jack 1

jack 2

Jacks-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum), which are just getting started this week. These last a little longer, and in a good year seem to number in the hundreds our little woods.

false rue anemone 2

false rue anemone 1

False Rue Anemones (Enemion biternatum)--I'm seeing more this year, which makes me happy.

trillium 1

trillium 2

And Great White Trilliums (Trillum grandiflorum), which reduced in numbers during the drought of 2012 but appear to be making a comeback. We also have a patch of Red Trilliums (T. erectum) at a similar stage, which I'll plan to share in a future post.

How about you? What wildflowers are blooming in your garden and in your community? Consider sharing your treasures through Gail's Wildflower Wednesday meme, over at Clay and Limestone!

April 12, 2017

Toluca's Cosmovitral:
Plants Under Stained Glass


How can I do justice to one of the most unique botanical gardens in the world in a simple blog post?

I can't. So I'll simply share a little introductory information, and a few photos.

To truly appreciate the Cosmovitral in Toluca, Mexico, you must see it. If you're ever in the Mexico City area for business or vacation, Toluca might be worth a side trip or a day trip--it's about 39 miles west-southwest of Mexico City.

building front

The Cosmovitral is a stained glass mural showcase and botanical garden. The original Art Nouveau building housed "16 de Septiembre Market"--constructed in the early 20th century and opened to celebrate the centennial of Mexico's independence.

In 1975, when the market was relocated, Toluca's first female mayor worked to transform the building into a space for art. The notable local artisan, Leopoldo Flores had the vision and led the construction of the stained glass murals. His theme: the universal dualities and antagonisms--struggles between life and death, good and evil, day and night, and creation and destruction.

The converted Cosmovitral art and botanical garden opened to the public in 1980. The place is rich in detail and history, but most of all, it offers visual eye-candy--unique in all the world, especially for plant-lovers and stained glass art enthusiasts.


Hombre Sol (The Sun Man) is the main focus of the work. The image represents mankind in harmony with the forces of creation, virtue, art, science, truth, beauty, wisdom, and other qualities. Hombre Sol greets visitors at the entryway.

sun man

When you're inside looking out, you get the dramatic fiery effect. Each year at the spring equinox, the sun aligns with this panel, and the community gathers to view it and to celebrate with classical music.

NA leaders

When the three leaders of North America (U.S. Pres. Barack Obama, Mexican Pres. Pena Nieto, and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper) met in Toluca in 2014, they toured the Cosmovitral. A life-size poster commemorates the meeting.

septiembre market

The Septiembre Market was officially inaugurated in 1933.


Simple wrought iron structures remain, including classical window treatments.

birds of prey

Overlaid are the newer stained glass panels. This is one of my favorites--celebrating birds of prey. It's one of the simpler designs, but something about it speaks to me.

window and color

The more complex designs and their interplay with the plants are magical, too.

light effects

At certain points of day and in various seasons, light reflects magically onto the walkways and the plants.

Anthurium andraeanum

bird of paradise
Strelitzia reginae

foxtail ferns
Asparagus densiflorus

So many incredible plants to see, but they're almost overshadowed by the stained glass.


The ponds and all the life within therm are visually stunning in themselves, but again, your eye is drawn to the stained glass.


This simple bridge is strategically placed for dramatic effect with the stained glass and the surroundings.

plant rows

Row of herbs offer educational information on each species.


Hard to describe the section filled with succulents. It's very geometrical, but not unpleasant.

rock wall

This rock wall filled with mosses and moisture-loving plants is pretty special.

japanese garden tower

A Japanese garden tower: I know there's a story to this one, but I couldn't find it in my notes.


What a great setting for a quinceanera photo shoot!


Several plaques in the back share comments from historical figures about the Cosmovitral. I couldn't make out the one on the left, but the one on the right is the words of Jorge Jimenez Cantu, governor of the state of Mexico from 1975 to 1981. Roughly translated: The genius, the fantasy, the technician and the depth of emotion, are a small fiesta in Cosmovitral ...

Beyond that, my translation didn't make sense, but you get the idea.

Now I leave you with a wordless tour, including a few more scenes. Each glass panel has its own story and symbolism, and the plants sing in unison.

impatiens frame








sensory overload









stained glass plants

window framed




I hope you enjoyed the tour!